Even though one gets to hear mostly about equity and commodity trading in India, forex trading is the biggest segment globally. We help you manage your risks arising from changes in exchange rates through a variety of instruments including Applications For Python forwards and options across multiple currencies to meet your specific needs. The first currency is referred to as the base and the second is known as the quote. When you trade currencies, you’ll use the quote to acquire the base currency.

The ratio of currencies in such baskets depends on personal preferences and on the specific purpose. However, Norway is extremely dependent on its exports of oil and gas. This adds a bit of a doubt when it comes down to investing in Norwegian Krone. Good trading relationships also contribute to the liquidity of the Japanese Yen, since the local currency is involved in all transactions other than the US ones. This currency is not pegged to the US Dollar or the Euro and therefore retains its purchasing power even in times of a crisis.

Nicknamed the “Fiber”, EUR-USD became a tradable forex pair in 1999. Certain currencies are popular for forex trading, none more so than the USD. The USD takes the cake when it comes to being a base currency and quote currency. The USD is known to be one of the strongest currencies in the world. Yes, the government has allowed legal trading in 3 cross currency pairs i.e. (EUR/USD); (GBP/USD) and (USD/JPY). While the currency market in India is jointly regulated by RBI and SEBI, globally the currency market is way less regulated than the stock markets.

What is the best pair in forex?

  • USD to EUR. One of the most widely-traded forex currency pairs in the world, USD to EUR, is a shortened way of saying “conversion of United States dollars to euros.”
  • USD to JPY.
  • USD to CAD.
  • GBP to USD.
  • USD to CHF.
  • AUD to USD.

The international forex market is a place where various types of currency pairs worth trillions of dollars are exchanged every day. Currency trading is a vital component of financial markets, used for various purposes such as hedging, speculation and diversification. Cross-currency pairs allow seamless currency trading without relying on the US Dollar. Volatility is an essential factor for profitability; the greater the volatility, the greater potential for profits. Volatility allows the market to have clear trends that make technical analysis easy.

I got this book some time ago now and at the time i had not read many books on the subject of technical analysis or trading in general. I was demo trading forex and doing ok and wanted to have a greater insight into the forex world. Once you’ve chosen a broker for currencies, you’ll have to complete a KYC process to open a trading account. You’ll need to furnish documents that will serve as your identity, address, and income proof. This all-North American forex pair has hit parity several times in the past. USA’s interest rates and Canada’s exports are known to affect the forex pair.


The currency pairs listed above are considered “majors,” and there are many more. These are the most commonly traded pairs and all have the US dollar on one side. There are only seven major currency pairs, whereas there are eight major currencies.

What impacts the movement in currency pairs?

Price movement in any currency pair is an outcome of many factors, ranging from geo-political risk (like Indo-China border issue) to macro developments (fiscal deficit, trade deficit, inflation etc.) to overall risk sentiment. However, short term price movements in USDINR is mainly influenced by

Capital flows Higher the inflows, positive for USDINR

Higher the outflows, negative for USDINR

RBI Intervention RBI intervenes on both sides (buy and sell) to smoothen the extreme movements in USDINR.

Dollar Index (DXY) Stronger the DXY, stronger the dollar

Weaker the DXY, weaker the dollar

Global Risk Sentiment Higher the risk-on sentiment, positive for USDINR

Lower the risk sentiment, negative for USIDNR

Global risk sentiment – A global risk-on sentiment is normally seen as positive for emerging market currencies like USDINR etc. One can look at other emerging market currencies like USDCNY, USDKRW, USDIDR, USDZAR etc. to gauge the likely price movement in USDINR. It is similar to how…  More

To begin a long position, you trade at the purchase price, which is somewhat higher than the market price. To initiate a short position, you trade at the selling price, which is somewhat lower than the market price. Because the forex market is made up of currencies from all over the world, forecasting exchange rates may be challenging due to the numerous factors that might influence price fluctuations. However, forex, like other financial markets, is largely controlled by supply and demand dynamics, and it is critical to grasp the variables that drive price changes here. A major currency pair has the highest trading activity and liquidity in the forex market. The USD is a pillar of major currencies as it is either a base or quote in most of them.

Indian Rupee:

Let’s understand the calculation of cross-currency pair rates with an example. The quoted price of GBP/USD, like the first two most popular currency pairs on this list, is influenced by the respective interest rates set by the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve . The subsequent difference in interest rates between the pound and the dollar can have a significant impact on the price of the GBP/USD currency pair. Currency is always traded in pairs because when you buy or sell one, you must also sell or buy another. Every currency pair has a base currency and a quote currency; – the base currency appears first, followed by the quote currency.

You will then receive the main forex pair’s top correlating currency pairs, based on percentage change. Additionally, their charts will be displayed according to your chosen time frame. Click on the various currency pairs to generate their respective charts below the main currency. A few years ago, there were no regulations for currency trading in India and investors had to open a trading account with brokerages situated abroad. However, now it is possible to legally trade in currency pair futures with proper regulation in place. The largest currency pairings, which are also the most liquid, have the least volatile currency pairs.

Therefore, the price of NZD/USD changes with the global dairy industry price. Trading in currency pairs is not the most popular segment in India, but it is rapidly gaining ground. With adequate research and the right trading strategy, it is possible to generate decent returns through currency trading.

Open your FOREX trading account

The price for buying the base currency is called Bid price and the price for selling the base currency is called Ask price. Before we understand how currency derivatives work, let us first understand the basics of currency trading. Post World War II, 44 allied nations assembled and decided to create a fixed international currency exchange rate. Since the United States of America had the most gold, all the currencies were pegged against the US Dollar.This system functioned efficiently until the 1970s.

What is a Currency Pair?

A currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one currency being quoted against the other. For eg USD 1 = INR 72.55.

Historically, EUR-USD, USD-JPY, and GBP-USD have been the most traded forex pairs followed by AUD/USD and USD/CAD. After your account has been opened, you can transfer funds to start trading forex pairs like EUR-INR, EUR-USD, USD-INR, USD-JPY, and more. Considering the fact that USD and EUR are the two biggest currencies in the world, they feature at the top of the list of most popular currency pairs.

Help Me Invest

This also means that exotic pairs are known to lack liquidity and volume because they are not traded as much as other forex pairs. Forex traders in India do not have the option to trade exotic pairs. Governments and large financial institutions engage with the currency market to manage their foreign reserves. With factors such as a 24-hour market, high leverage, and a daily turnover of 6.6 trillion US Dollars you can make unlimited profits in the currency market. Also the currency market is more based on technical analysis rather than fundamental analysis.

  • Based on the factors impacting forex pairs, the best currency pairs are those with the highest liquidity, moderate volatility, and lower spreads.
  • Her strength lies in simplifying complex financial concepts with real life stories and analogies.
  • These CFD platforms that offered such trading facilities are illegal in India and are known for their rampant malpractices.
  • In this article, you’ll learn what makes forex pairs tradable and the easiest pair to trade.

You can do much more in depth analysis in real time and trade more than 500 instruments of your choice. Crosses include EUR, GBP, and JPY as the base or quote but do not include USD. Exotic pairs are currency crosses of emerging economies like JPY-INR.

Types of Currency Pairs for Trading in India

Second, it is made of important Dollar currencies other than the USD. You may have noticed that the euro is always the base currency in every euro-pairing, and the yen is always the cross-currency in every yen-pairing, etc. From its inception in 1999 and as umarkets review stipulated by the European Central Bank, the euro has first precedence as a base currency. Therefore, all currency pairs involving it should use it as their base, listed first. For example, the US dollar and euro exchange rate is identified as EUR/USD.

Bickford’s academic background is in computer science, mathematics, and statistics. By profession, he has been a software engineer for nearly three decades. Bickford is also coauthor of Getting Started in Currency Trading and The Forex Chartist Companion, both published by Wiley.

forex pairs

The European nations decided to maintain a single currency which would trade against the US Dollar. Subsequently all the other nations started the free-floating exchange rate determination mechanism against the US Dollar and established the current currency trading system. The CEO of an investment firm wants to safeguard his client against a rise in the UDS/INR rate, so he will use currency derivatives to protect his client, thereby indulging in currency trading.

The EUR/USD exchange rate is determined by a number of factors, including interest rates set by the European Central Bank and the US Federal Reserve . You can trust the integrity of our balanced, independent financial advice. We may, however, receive compensation from the issuers of some products mentioned in this article.

forex pairs

You can check about our products and services by visiting our website You can also write to us at , to know more about products and services. Presently, the currency market, or the forex market, is one of the world’s largest and most liquid markets, thereby recording a daily turnover of $ 2 trillion, with quick growth projections. In case of US Dollar to other currencies, values are quoted on basis of USD as base currency whereas in Indian Rupee to other currencies, values are quoted on basis of INR as quote currency. In India, you can trade Forex through NSE, BSE and MCX-SX only via SEBI registered brokers like Samco. You can read our detailed article on how to open a forex trading account in just 5 minutes with Samco.

Traders try to forecast currency value fluctuations and purchase or sell accordingly when currencies increase and decrease in value relative to one another. While some foreign exchange is done for practical reasons, the great majority forex4you review of currency conversion is done to make a profit. Because of the volume of money exchanged each day, the price fluctuations of some currencies can be very volatile. This unpredictability is what makes forex so appealing to traders.

The first of the two currencies in a pair is called base currency, while the second currency is known as quote currency. It is a way of comparing the value of one currency with another, which means the base currency against the quote currency. It shows how many units of quote currency are needed to buy base currency.